The human body is an organic machine, and like any machine, to work requires a source of energy – in this case calories or Kcal. These calories are obtained from three macronutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
To use these as food sources for our fuel cells, all of these macronutrients must be converted into simple sugars (glucose, fructose, maltose, sucrose, lactose and galactose). These simple sugars will feed the human cells causing them to remain alive and in full operation.
Glucose, a type of simple sugar, is the primary source of fuel for every tissue and every cell in our body. It is considered to be the most important because it is almost exclusively the main fuel of some brain cells, red blood cells, and certain nerve tissues. Simple sugars are more easily found in carbohydrates so obviously this macronutrient is considered the food of excellence for muscular work.
Humans have almost no capacity to store excess proteins or carbohydrates, but have the ability to convert them as fat. This fat is stored and used as fuel when the body does not consume the amount of carbohydrates required. The process that breaks down fats into glucose for energy gives the name of gluconeogenesis – formation of new sugar.
However, although glucose is the main source of energy in the human body, it needs vitamins, minerals, water, protein and fat to have its proper functioning in full.
Many nutritionists say the consumption of carbohydrates should be greater than 70% of the daily diet and proteins and fats should reach a maximum of 15% each.
If we want to get an ideal food for the optimal functioning of the body, we must consume foods that provide us with all macronutrients and micronutrients in a perfect portion.
Wouldn’t it be great to find a source of food that combines, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, vitamins and minerals? What about fruits?